Love it or hate it, lo-fi house has been the all-permeating sound of the underground in 2016 – but a recent batch of artists have been discussed more for their jokey names and apparently ironic attitude to the scene than their music. Has underground house music run out of ideas?

Last month, a deep house track started to follow me everywhere I went on YouTube. It would have faded into the background had it not been for the fact it was by an artist called DJ Boring and features an image of ‘90s icon Winona Ryder as its label. At the time of writing, ‘Winona’, which samples an interview with the actor, has had over 445,000 plays on YouTube. It probably doesn’t hurt that it comes off the back of a wave of Winona Ryder nostalgia thanks to Stranger Things, but it’s still a huge number for an unknown artist working in a micro-scene that’s currently referred to as “lo-fi house”.

The alternative to big room house music has gone by many names – outsider house, knackered house and raw house are a few – but over the past several months this evolving sub-genre of music appears to have reached saturation point. Both Whities boss Nic Tasker and Joakim have remarked that there’s too much “jazzy” and “cute” lo-fi house at the moment, while Midland has suggested it’s more concerned with style than substance. “If a record has a photo of nature taken on a film camera as its centre label, it is lo-fi house,” he quipped on Twitter.

“The current wave of lo-fi producers lean on humor and irony in an attempt to be staunchly anti-authentic”

It’s not just DJ Boring that’s caught my attention this year. Ross From Friends and DJ Seinfeld are two more artists making fuzzy house with names that don’t appear to take themselves too seriously (the former has written a track about pasta called ‘Durum Wheat’). Florida-based Blair Sound Design, who runs a coffee-themed label called French Press Lounge, fuses video game box art, old school record label imagery and vaporwave-like typography on his sleeves, and refers to his music as “cheap house” on SoundCloud. The closest comparison might be the music of L.I.E.S. or Mood Hut, but while those labels attempt to create underground authenticity through a punk attitude or simple anonymity, the current wave of lo-fi producers lean on humor and irony in an attempt to be staunchly anti-authentic.

This attitude has attracted criticism from some quarters. Recently, The Quietus journalist Christian Eede said: “Calling yourself DJ Seinfeld or Ross From Friends or whatever instantly devalues your work to me… the very idea of a load of guys (it’s always guys) just tossing out work in this way screams mediocrity and laziness to me. It permeates so much ‘lo-fi house’ in which people seem to have no original ideas.” My FACT colleague Chal Ravens has referred to certain lo-fi artists as “spoof house” – not just for their names and MS Paint record art, but for the cartoonish MIDI melodies and cheap drum machine rhythms, all of which come together to suggest that the whole thing might be a joke at the listener’s (or more “authentic” artists’) expense.

As far as DJ Seinfeld is concerned, his approach to making music is serious, even if the manner in which he presents himself isn’t. “My personal opinion is that if you are a music critic, focus on the music first. Then you can have your quarrels about the artist name, but it’s really a boring topic for me,” he tells me over email. “I really like the whole tongue-in-cheek approach that many have in the [lo-fi] scene, including myself. It is refreshing for sure, and I think it’s a nice contrast to elements in club music culture where I suspect some artists work more on their character than their music.” DJ Boring is a relative newcomer with only a few tracks to his SoundCloud, but he tells me over email that he’s been making music since he was 16 years old, and that it’s “a big part” of his life. Ross From Friends declined to be interviewed for this feature via his manager, which should tell you all you need to know about how seriously he takes his career.

“[The lo-fi scene] is a nice contrast to elements in club music culture where I suspect some artists work more on their character than their music”DJ Seinfeld

Blair Sound Design doesn’t have a name that implies his music is throwaway, but his self-mocking “cheap house” tag and meme-like art certainly do. “It’s a way to negotiate my personal visual culture history with another that doesn’t feel disingenuous or too appropriative,” he says of his label design over email. He puts as much thought into crafting lo-fi house as a hip-hop producer digging for soul samples. “I do earnestly attempt to create thoughtful, engaging, or at least somewhat unique and fun dance music. I think my approach tends to reflect my constant state of contextual hyper-awareness – I might be sampling an offensively crackly electro bass record, awkwardly noodling away on my DX21, or digging through my library of N64 samples for a goofy vocal clip, but I’m always asking myself: ‘What does it mean if I put these two sounds together? Sonically? Historically? If I arrange it like this? Chop it like that? Why wouldn’t I? Wait, who would do this dumb shit?’ If and when I reach the answer of ‘Well, I guess I would do this,’ then I personally come closer to a feeling of authenticity, even if it sounds like hot garbage at first (or forever). This goes for my visual accompaniments as well.”

But how do these producers feel about being referred to as “lo-fi”? In a short time it’s become as contentious a term as outsider house was in 2013, even though artists like Anthony Naples, Huerco S and Delroy Edwards have made solid careers being associated with that tag. “Categorizations are generally quite problematic but if it serves as a reference point for new listeners, why not,” says DJ Seinfeld. “I am definitely open for new, unexpected challenges that [aren’t] necessarily lo-fi, but these matters have always been external to anything that I focus on when making tracks. It’s a non-issue for me.” DJ Boring doesn’t appear to identify with the lo-fi scene at all, saying: “The music I make depends on how I feel at the time, not because I want it to sound a particular way. I don’t really classify my music as one particular genre; I make all kinds of music and hope it appeals to everyone.”

“I’m not a huge fan [of the term],” says Blair Sound Design. “I understand the feeling for a generation like mine, who’ve been told ‘it’s all been done, kids, you’ve nothing new to work with now.’ It’s frustrating, and you wanna stick it to them and turn up your saturator VST of choice and bump it in their face! It’s an expression, it’s a reaction, it’s an aural texture that flies in the face of the over-produced studio standard of modern radio music. However, I’ve found even briefly studying and observing the history of dance output from the likes of Trax Records, Dance Mania, Cajual, or even recently issued home-brewed synth-funk recordings released through outlets like People’s Potential Unlimited, a better picture emerges, where I understand that this is neither particularly ‘new’ nor a ‘style.’ For many producers, it was the reality of their situation, where their passion for music and creativity surpassed their budget or their desire for a ‘polished sound.’”

“I’m privy to a lot of music that fits under this umbrella, and often it can feel like rubbing sandpaper on your eardrums” Blair Sound Design

Despite its critics, lo-fi house is hugely popular. DJ Boring tells me that one of the biggest influences on his music is London’s Lobster Theremin label, which in just a few years has become one of the most popular vinyl destinations for listeners who love their house and techno lo-fi (though it does explore other styles across its discography and myriad sub-labels). A YouTube channel called Slav is one of the biggest places online for discovering the sound, a kind of Eton Messy for lo-fi house, without the misogynistic imagery to help drive the huge numbers that have made ‘Winona’ so ubiquitous. (For comparison, the top YouTube result for Midland’s ‘Final Credits’ – widely held to be one of the year’s defining house anthems – has just under 16,000 views.) There’s also a Facebook group called Strictly Lo-Fi, and you can even buy a lo-fi house sample pack, a sure sign that a trend has reached the mainstream – or run its course, depending on how you look at it.

“I’m privy to a lot of music that fits under this umbrella, and I can report: often it can feel like rubbing sandpaper on your eardrums, and not in a thrilling or fun Merzbow-assault kind of way, but like “OK, I think we’ve established a smooth edge, thank you,” says Blair Sound Design. “So if you’re just trawling SoundCloud under the lo-fi house/techno tag, you’re bound to hear a lot of comfy and clipped tools, some decent but predictable disco flips, a glut of played-out sample-pack breaks, and a whole lot of over-compressed 909s. I would say that for me, it’s not about whether it was slammed-to-tape in your bedroom or parallel-compressed in a professional sound studio; great things have come from both situations!”

If you’re willing to look past DJ Boring’s name and the fact that ‘Winona’ is geared to an audience for whom memes are as valuable as vinyl-only 12”s, you’ll find an enjoyable deep house track that’s not as lo-fi as the genre name suggests. Blair Sound Design’s ‘Chillax’ 12” uses video game samples in a way that offers a neat twist on the irresistible formula Mood Hut has made its own. But this scene (as with outsider house before it) is not exactly diverse. In contrast to the current experimental club scene headed up by artists such as Lotic, Ziúr and the NAAFI collective, lo-fi producers are almost exclusively white and male. It would be easy to say that these artists will be judged on the quality of the music and not their names, but while the music is arguably better than you’d get from the average Ibiza tech-house DJ, the lo-fi scene is currently still a microcosm of the diversity issues that affect house and techno as a whole.

“If it makes you laugh? That’s fine. Who says you can’t laugh and dance and think at the same damn time?”Blair Sound Design

The experimental club scene has arguably suffered the same quality control issues and lack of original ideas as it’s grown in popularity, but it’s also a more welcoming place for women, queer and non-white artists, something that’s more important than ever in a year that’s seen political shifts in the UK and USA that threaten personal freedoms. “Exclusiveness and misrepresentation have been a recurring issue, and we all need to discuss it,” says Blair Sound Design. “Too often have I seen tasteless and fully rude comments and memes passed around the niche message boards and Facebook groups that exist for this genre; pseudo-progressive boys club vibes that “ironically” engage or OK lazy misogyny and suggest musical superiority.”

There’s still a long way to go for the lo-fi scene in terms of diversity, but their sense of humor seems to be an odd target for its critics. Humor has been a part of club culture for decades, from ‘90s rave flyers to the tongue-in-cheek art and track titles of the Sex Tags Mania label, and the art of French Press Lounge and names of artists like DJ Seinfeld feel like a natural extension of that. “It’s about the ideas, the feelings, and above all the fun (or anti-fun, sometimes) that is captured, because for people everywhere music is communication, and a lot of times, it’s as simple as “I wanna dance, please play the hits, deejay,” says Blair Sound Design. “If it makes you laugh? That’s fine. Who says you can’t laugh and dance and think at the same damn time?”

Scott Wilson is on Twitter

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